The Gummy Soul collective has received a cease and desist order from a legal team representing Sony Music for Amerigo Gazaway‘s Bizarre Tribe: A Quest To The Pharcyde – a project that combines original samples from A Tribe Called Quest records with vocals from The Pharcyde. The project dropped in 2012 to critical acclaim and rode a wave of success that included plans for live performances and a limited edition vinyl release. That changed recently when Gummy Soul was ordered to take down all of the links to Bizarre Tribe last week. Sony alleges that the project infringes upon the catalog of A Tribe Called Quest, which they happen to own. Gummy Soul has responded to the threat of legal action in writing, issuing a response to the complaint that calls Sony to task for their failure to properly research the work that went into the project, including their use of original samples – a creative choice that all but bypasses the actual catalog of A Tribe Called Quest in its entirety. Check the response below for the full blow-by-blow from Gummy Soul:
Dear Sony Music,
Thanks for reaching out. The fact that our small independent label warranted the resources of your legal team speaks to our work ethic and we appreciate the validation.
In response to your copyright infringement claim over Gummy Soul’s Bizarre Tribe; A Quest To The Pharcyde by Amerigo Gazaway (“Bizarre Tribe”), understand the vast majority of the samples used to create Bizarre Tribe were not taken from the catalog of A Tribe Called Quest (“ATCQ”). What your diligence failed to uncover is that Gummy Soul is not in the business of merging one artist’s instrumentals with vocals of another. Had one of the six Sony attorneys copied in your email deemed it necessary to listen to Bizarre Tribe before pursuing legal action, you would know that our projects are much more nuanced.
To be clear, the re-orchestrated instrumentals on Bizarre Tribe were sourced from the original jazz, soul, and funk recordings SAMPLED by ATCQ, allowing Amerigo to create his own, distinct production within a similar framework. Given the brief and limited use of ATCQ material on Bizarre Tribe (around 2 minutes of material out of a 55 minute album), and the method by which our reinterpretations are created, it is clear that Amerigo’s effort is protected under the fair use exception of copyright infringement.
We would further add that the presence of documentary style sound-bites, interviews, and news clips included on Bizarre Tribe to provide a narrative of the group’s history and commentary on their work only further protects us under the fair use exception, undermines your claim against us, and provides a clearer distinction as to the uniqueness of what we do at Gummy Soul. As you know, Sony is no stranger to the fair use exception as you have relied on it many times yourselves. Most recently when Sony Pictures was accused of copyright infringement by the Estate of William Faulkner, a member of the Sony legal team stated:
“This is a frivolous lawsuit and we are confident we will prevail in defending it. There is no question this brief reference (10 words) to a quote from a public speech Faulkner gave constitutes fair use and any claim to the contrary is without merit.” *The quote in question is actually a passage from Faulkner’s book, Requiem for a Nun.*
With the defense presented in your statement, either Gummy Soul and Sony Music are both protected under our shared interpretation of fair use, or you believe the law should apply differently to small, independent record labels than it does to giant, mega conglomerates like Sony Music.
As to your charge of offering this product for sale, we do not, and have never, sold the album in any capacity be it physical or digital. We bear no responsibility for the vinyl bootlegging of Bizarre Tribe, nor do we receive any monetary benefits from their sales. The majority of our digital products, including Bizarre Tribe, are offered free of cost and is stated as such on any platform for which we control and have made Bizarre Tribe available.
In that regard, it is worth noting that our tiny label, with limited budget and resources, has clearly demonstrated the existence of a market for our unique brand of deconstructed reinterpretations. As such, instead of repeating the industry’s history of perpetual catch-up while forward thinking start-ups like Gummy Soul find new and innovative ways to create art and leverage digital media to our advantage, take this opportunity to stop the war on artists like Amerigo and their pursuit of creative fulfillment by encouraging creative expression and alternative revenue streams for your artists.
If a shoestring label with no employees other than a label manager, the two artist co-founders and a part-time contributor were able to build a 60,000 person email list, earn over 100,000 in downloads, garner your attention and that of countless mainstream publications and marque music outlets with our unique projects, why not leverage our success to your benefit while helping to push a reasonable dialogue for copyright reform?
Gummy Soul would welcome the opportunity to work with Sony in a mutually beneficial capacity. In an effort to be proactive, we offer the following “everyone wins” model as a helpful starting place for you and the other industry powerhouses who repeatedly go after those that are shaping this industry’s future. Rather than wasting your resources on an expensive lawsuit, apply those resources to purchase the rights to Bizarre Tribe to distribute and promote the project yourselves. In doing so, you would effectively provide a solution where all parties, including Sony, the original sampled artist, and emerging artists like Amerigo would benefit.
While we have taken Bizarre Tribe down to avoid a merit-less and costly lawsuit, you should know that we have placed a copy of the album in the archives of the Center for Popular Music at Middle Tennessee State University. It will now be available indefinitely for research under “fair use” provisions, fully keeping with the Center’s mission “to promote research and scholarship on American vernacular music and to foster an understanding of the nation’s diverse musical culture and its global reach.”
– Gummy Soul